5 Most Common Causes of Anaemia

Anaemia is a condition caused by the lack of healthy red blood cells in the body that carry oxygen to the tissues. The doctors say that people with anaemia can have low hemoglobin and frequently feel weak. Different issues cause different types of anaemia. The severity and mildness depend on what kind of anaemia a person is going through. In a lot of cases, the causes of anaemia are greater, which is also a sign of serious illness. 

Types of Anaemia

1. Sickle Cells Anaemia

Sickle cell anaemia

Sickle cell anaemia is a group inherited disorder which is known as sickle cell disease, and it affects the red blood cells which play the role of carrying oxygen in the body. You can read more about relation between ayurveda & anaemia.

2. Vitamin Deficiency Anaemia

It is a kind of anaemia that is caused by lower amounts of vitamin B-12 and folate in the body. This can occur if the food that you eat doesn't contain enough vitamin B-12 and folate. 

3. Aplastic Anaemia

It is a condition that occurs when the body doesn't produce new blood cells, and the disease can cause uncontrolled bleeding. Aplastic anaemia is a rare and severe condition that can develop at any age and occur either slowly or suddenly. 

4. Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Iron deficiency anaemia is one of the most common types of anaemia, which is caused because of the lack of healthy red blood cells that carry oxygen to the tissues in the body. As the name implies in the situation, iron deficiency anaemia is caused because of insufficient iron in the body. Without iron, the body cannot produce the needed substance in the red blood cells for them to carry oxygen. 

5. Thalassemia


It is a condition caused due to less hemoglobin in the body. Hemoglobin helps in carrying oxygen, and when that doesn't happen, thalassemia can occur.

List of Anaemia Causes 

Anaemia is a condition that is either present since birth or can occur over time. It happens when the blood doesn't have enough red blood cells which carry oxygen. Anaemia can be severe or mild, but it depends on the causes. Here are some some major causes of anaemia:

  • When the body doesn't make enough red blood cells 
  • When there is excessive bleeding because that can make you lose red blood cells quickly
  • When the body starts to destroy red blood cells
  • When there is a family history
  • Menstruation or pregnancy

What do the Red Blood cells do?

Red blood cells

The body makes three types of blood cells: white blood cells, which help fight against infections; red blood cells, which carry oxygen from the lung to the rest of the body; and platelets which help with blood clots. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin in it which gives the red color to the blood. Hemoglobin helps in carrying oxygen from the lungs to all the body parts and carbon dioxide from all the body parts to the lungs to exhale it.

Red blood cells are produced almost regularly in the bone marrow because it is needed in the body. When the production of red blood cells stops, then it can cause hindrance to the overall flow in the body.

List of Anaemia Treatments 

There are different treatments for anaemia, and that depends on the cause: 

1. Iron Deficiency Anaemia

If someone is going through iron deficiency anaemia, then taking iron supplements or changing the diet is the best way to treat it. If there is any other form of bleeding happening in the body, then it is essential to locate it and stop it from happening. 

2. Anaemia of chronic disease 

There is no specific treatment for this type of anaemia. Doctors usually focus on checking the underlying diseases that are there and how severe the symptoms are. A blood transfusion or injection is needed if the symptoms are severe. 

3. Aplastic Anaemia

Aplastic anaemia

In order to treat aplastic anaemia, transfusions are required to boost the levels of red blood cells. Red blood cells help in carrying oxygen, which is why a transplant is needed in order to make healthy blood cells. 

4. Sickle Cell Anaemia

Various treatments are available for sickle cell anaemia, including pain relievers and oral fluids to reduce pain or prevent any further complications. Sometimes the doctors also suggest getting a blood transfusion done and taking antibiotics in order to treat the condition. 

5. Thalassemia: 

The common thalassemia that happens is mild and does not require any treatment. If you are going through a more severe form of thalassemia, then blood transfusions are needed, and medications too. 

Natural remedies for Anaemia

There are some natural remedies for anaemia that can help treat anaemia and produce enough hemoglobin in the body. 

1. Beetroot


Beetroot is one of the best vegetables to cure anaemia because it is rich in iron and helps increase the body's hemoglobin count. Consumption of beetroot can increase the oxygen level in the blood. There are various ways to consume beetroot in cooked and raw form. You need to know what works best for you and consume it like that. 

2. Citrus fruits

Consuming citrus fruit on a regular basis can help in increasing vitamin C in the body and treat acute anaemia. It can also help in absorbing iron in the body. You can consume oranges, lime, lemon, or any other citrus fruit on a regular basis. You should also check a list of herbs for anaemia & food to eat to cure anaemia.

3. Spinach

Anaemia is caused because of the folic acid deficiency in the blood, which is why consuming spinach can help. Spinach is an excellent source of vitamin B12, folic acid, and other nutrients, which can help in improving health and providing the body with all the nutrients. 

4. Bananas


Bananas have a lot of nutrients like vitamin C, potassium, and iron, which help the body generate enough red blood cells and improve the hemoglobin count. Eating bananas on a regular basis can help in enhancing iron levels by a good margin. 


There are various causes of anaemia, so it is essential to understand the cause and treat it accordingly. You can also treat anaemia with home remedies which can help in natural recovery and also increases the intake of nutrients in the body.


Zandu Ayurvedic Team

Zandu Ayurvedic Team has a panel of over 10 BAMS (Ayurvedacharya), boasting a collective experience of over 50 years. With a deep-rooted understanding of Ayurveda, they are committed to sharing their expertise & knowledge through our blogs.
We use all kinds of Ayurvedic references in our content. Please use the contact form for any editorial queries.

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