Types and Causes

There are 2 known types of hypertension. The first is called primary or essential hypertension. The other is called secondary hypertension.

Essential Hypertension

You are diagnosed with essential hypertension when you have a high reading 3-4 times consecutively and the doctor has eliminated all other causes of the raised blood pressure. Factors that can cause this are smoking, diet, alcohol consumption and genetic makeup.

Secondary Hypertension

The most common cause of secondary hypertension is abnormalities in the arteries supplying blood to the kidney. Other causes can be restricted air passages, disease or tumour of the adrenal gland, thyroid disease or too much salt and alcohol in the diet. Secondary hypertension can be controlled, maybe even reversed with the right procedures and lifestyle changes.

Dangers of Hypertension

Although there are no clear signs and symptoms of hypertension, if it is prolonged, it can lead to a whole host of health related issues, such as:

Treatment: Ayurvedic Approach

In Ayurvedic terms, Hypertension is the aggravation of the Vata and Pitta Dosha. These can be balanced with herbal medicines. As hypertension is also a state of mind, counselling can help. Herbo minerals help manage blood pressure and protect the heart. Here are some other ways to manage hypertension:


This is a type of head massage done with oils that help to reduce toxins (Ama) and balance Doshas to curb high blood pressure.


This is an Ayurvedic treatment that involves the pouring of buttermilk over the body in order to ease the tension in the muscles and the arteries and promote a healthy blood flow.


This adaptogen primarily helps increase the dopamine levels in your body. And in turn helps to reduce stress that then reduces the tension within the arteries of the body.


This herb helps table high blood pressure. It promotes good heart health and alleviates hypertension by unclogging arteries.


Shilajit works as a blood thinner. This helps is the easy flow of blood from the heart to the internal organs, reducing the work the heart has to do to pump it.


Zandu Ayurvedic Team

Zandu Ayurvedic Team has a panel of over 10 BAMS (Ayurvedacharya), boasting a collective experience of over 50 years. With a deep-rooted understanding of Ayurveda, they are committed to sharing their expertise & knowledge through our blogs.
We use all kinds of Ayurvedic references in our content. Please use the contact form for any editorial queries.

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