Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Types of IBS

There are two forms of IBS. They are:

I. Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (IBS-D):

Patients with this type of IBS have symptoms like feeling of incomplete bowel movements, frequent stools, nausea, abdominal discomfort or pain, gas, loose stools and urges to have bowel movement at an unexpected time.

I. Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (IBS-D):

Patients with this type of IBS have symptoms like feeling of incomplete bowel movements, frequent stools, nausea, abdominal discomfort or pain, gas, loose stools and urges to have bowel movement at an unexpected time.

Symptoms (Rupa)

In people with Vataja Grahani, the following symptoms are seen:

Hyperacidity

Dryness of throat and mouth

Thirst

Blurred vision

Pain in the sides of the abdomen

Abnormal taste in mouth

Patients with Pittaja Grahani has the following symptoms:

Undigested bluish or yellow liquid stools

Heart burn

Sour belching

Thirst

Patients with Kaphaja Grahani has the following symptoms:

Nausea and vomiting

Sweetness in mouth

Coughing

Malaise

Causes (Nidana)

Derangement of Agni is the main cause of Grahani Roga. Factors which can cause impairment of Agni are:

1. Causes of Vataja grahani:

Excess intake of pungent, bitter foods

Suppression of natural urges

Excess fasting

Walking long distance

2. Causes of Kaphaja Grahani:

Excess consumption of heavy, oily and cold food

Sleeping Immediately after meals

3. Causes of Pittaja Grahani:

Intake of pungent, heavy, sour or alkaline food

4. Other factors:

Changes in time, place, and season (vyadhikarshana)

Chronic illnesses causing reduced digestion strength

Herbs:

The following herbs stimulate digestive power, promote digestion and are effectively used to treat IBS:

Chitrak

Sunthi

Marich

Pippali

Improper, unhealthy lifestyle is considered to be the main causative factor of IBS. Though it is not very serious, yet it can be really distressing to the patients. Ayurvedic therapy and lifestyle changes are helpful in managing IBS symptoms very effectively.

Management of IBS- The Ayurvedic Way

IBS is difficult to treat, and it takes a long time. Ayurvedic practitioners have an opinion that IBS can be treated in children, can be cured with difficulty if the patient is middle-aged, and cannot be treated in older patients.

Ayurvedic approach for IBS include:

Snehana (oleation therapy)

Swedana (fomentation therapy)

Shuddhi (elimination therapy)

Langhan (fasting therapy) – Fast or light diet

Snehana (oleation therapy)

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