What are Piles?


On the basis of location, piles is of two types:

Internal piles: Piles located above the opening of the anus

External piles: Piles located outside the edge of the anus

On the basis of severity, piles is divided into four degrees:

First degree- bleed only, no prolapse

Second degree- prolapse but reduce spontaneously

Third degree- prolapse and has to be manually reduced

Fourth degree- permanently prolapsed


The following are the common symptoms of piles:

What causes piles?

Diet factors-

1. Having heavy food, cold food, kapha aggravating food, acidic and sweet food

2. Excess intake of black gram

3. Excess consumption of dry meat

All these foods do not contain fiber and may cause constipation, which in turn leads to the protrusion of piles

Lifestyle factors

Sleeing during the day

Lack of exercise

Suppression of the natural urges to defecate

Excessive purgation

These lifestyle factors lead to the dosha imbalances which cause piles.

Cure piles with Ayurveda

Ayurveda helps the person to improve their overall health and lead a healthy life. Treatment for Arsha in Ayurveda has been classified into:

1. Drug therapy

Usage of Ayurvedic herbs and therapies to treat mild form of piles

2. Surgical therapy

Surgical approach to remove large and protruding hemorrhoids.

3. Chemical cauterization

Application of caustic chemical obtained from the ashes of medicinal plants to treat piles that are difficult to treat with other methods.

4. Cauterization

Usage of laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrocautery or infrared radiation to treat piles that cannot be treated with medicine or other methods.

Diet plays an important role in the prevention of piles, as piles occurs due to an impairment of the digestive function (Agni). Having a high fiber diet, consuming adequate water, and doing regular exercise or yoga helps in preventing and managing piles.

Ayurveda follows a holistic approach in the treatment of piles. Not only does it help to remove piles, but it also eliminates the pathophysiological process of piles from the grassroot level.


Zandu Ayurvedic Team

Zandu Ayurvedic Team has a panel of over 10 BAMS (Ayurvedacharya), boasting a collective experience of over 50 years. With a deep-rooted understanding of Ayurveda, they are committed to sharing their expertise & knowledge through our blogs.
We use all kinds of Ayurvedic references in our content. Please use the contact form for any editorial queries.

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